Kevin starr writes, ” along with the rest of the nation, california experienced the therapeutic presence of the federal government operating through public works during the great depressionthe federal government initiated in california during the 1930s an epic of construction without precedent in the. Okies driving to california during the great depression farm security administration: migrants (circa 1935) (picture by dorothea lange, from fdr library, courtesy of the national archives and records administration) the vast migration that occurred as the result of the dust bowl in the great plains and. It is derived from the name of the state, similar to texan or tex for someone from texas, or arkie or arkansawyer for a native of arkansas in the 1930s in california, the term (often used in contempt) came to refer to very poor migrants from oklahoma (and nearby states) the dust bowl and the okie migration of the 1930s. Harry bridges (in second row, hatless) marching with maritime workers along san francisco's embarcadero during the run-up to the 1934 general strike the great depression lasted for a dozen years, threw tens of millions of people into hard times, and transformed the country in fundamental ways. The dust bowl migration of the 1930s plays an important and complicated role in the way americans talk about the history of poverty and public policy in their country for almost seventy years the story of white families from oklahoma and neighboring states making their way to california in the midst of the great depression. The reviewer is professor of history in california state university northridge a historian of california and the american west, he has pub- lished on such diverse subjects as dogs on the frontier and childhood on the frontier los angeles and the great depression by leonard leader (new york: garland. The great depression: california in the thirties california was hit hard by the economic collapse of the 1930s businesses failed, workers lost their jobs, and families fell into poverty while the political response to the depression often was confused and ineffective, social messiahs offered alluring panaceas promising relief. Ken burns style documentary on the great depression, dust bowl and california migration with documentary photos and audio in public domain.
The impact of the great depression and the dust bowl on rural americans was provided migrants with a direct route from the dust bowl region to california's central valley the mass of migrants that for the approximately 25 million people that migrated from the dust bowl region during this time period many people. The dust bowl was the name given to the drought-stricken southern plains region of the united states, which suffered severe dust storms during a dry period in the 1930s as high winds and choking dust swept the region from texas to nebraska, people and livestock were killed and crops failed across the entire region. Dust bowl exodus: how drought and the depression took their toll in the 1930s, in the midst of the great depression, many farmers and farm workers left failed farms in the southern plains for work in california suffering from the depression themselves, californians had a difficult time dealing with these refugees. During the 1930s, some 13 million americans from the midwest and southwest migrated to california, which had a population of 57 million in 1930s the arrival of okies and arkies set the stage for physical and ideological conflicts over how to deal with seasonal farm labor and produced literature that resonates decades.
Early on, one of our sources told me, “growing up in the 1930s, in retrospect, seemed like a renaissance period with so many useful and handsome public facilities and buildings being built i am sure that there was much economic distress during the period, but to me, the many civic projects brought a. For california, the nation, and the world, the 1930s was a period of particularly hard times the us stock market crash of 1929 set off the most severe economic depression in the western world in the american midwest, this was compounded by a severe drought that destroyed crops and farms of the 25 million dust bowl. A woman looks off into the distance two children are burying their faces in her this iconic photograph made real the suffering of millions during the great depression dorothea lange, “destitute pea pickers in california mother of seven children age thirty-two nipomo, california” or “migrant mother,” february/ march 1936.
Nipomo, california, circa 1936 (library of congress) by kat eschner smithsoniancom july 24, 2017 in the 1930s, under the auspices of what would become the farm security administration, 10 photographers from different backgrounds–all white–were sent out to accomplish the task of documenting america in a time of. The researchers also find that california was the destination for only a minority of those who fled there is little disagreement that the dust bowl was the result of an almost perfect storm of environmental and economic events, starting in the early 1930s with a drought, and compounded by the enormous economic hardships. Farmers struggled with low prices all through the 1920s, but after 1929 things began to be hard for city workers as well after the stock market crash, many businesses started to close or to lay off workers many families did not have money to buy things, and consumer demand for manufactured goods fell off fewer families. Californians witnessed tremendous change to their state during the decade of the great depression this was due to california's economy, which was healthy when compared to other states three industries, in particular, thrived in the 1930s and attracted thousands of new settlers: agriculture,.
People working in a feild the great depression began in 1931 and went untill 1939 during the great depression many hispanic and mexican american workers came to california and many other places in the united states to work during the great depression, many immigrants came to the united states to look for a job. The poor economy displaced more than just farmers as refugees to california many teachers, lawyers, and small business owners moved west with their families during this time after the great depression ended, some moved back to their original states many others remained where they had resettled about one- eighth of.
Unemployment is perhaps the most dreaded disease of modem industrial society and in the 1930s, it was a disease that few could escape(4) the unemployment trend in california mirrored that of the united states in 1930 when 87% of the us workforce was unemployed, 76% of the california workforce was. In a journey chronicled in john steinbeck's novel “the grapes of wrath,” millions of migrant workers in the 1930s flocked to california in search of a better life fleeing the dust bowl, they hoped for a paradise where there were good weather and plentiful crops what they found was back-breaking work, low. Southwesterners had been moving west in significant numbers since 1910 however, not until the 1930s did this migration, particularly to california, become widely noticed and associated with oklahomans during the great depression decade oklahoma suffered a net loss through migration (outflow minus inflow) of. The treasure trove of data provides a snapshot of life during the great depression during the 1930s, the dust bowl pushed many poverty-stricken americans west in search of work and more productive farmlands population declined by california on the hand, grew substantially between 1930 and 1940.